On the correlation between perceptual inundation caused by realistic immersive environmental auditory scenes and the sensory gating inventory in schizophrenia
Authors: El-Kaim A., Aramaki M., Ystad S., Kronland-Martinet R., Cermolacce M., Naudin J., Vion-Dury J., Micoulaud-Franchi J-A.
Publication Date: February 2015
Journal: European Psychiatry (vol. 30(5), pp. 606-614, 2015)
Background: In schizophrenia, perceptual inundation related to sensory gating deficit can be evaluated ‘‘off-line’’ with the sensory gating inventory (SGI) and ‘‘on-line’’ during listening tests. However, no study investigated the relation between ‘‘off-line evaluation’’ and ‘‘on-line evaluation’’. The present study investigates this relationship.
Methods: A sound corpus of 36 realistic environmental auditory scenes was obtained from a 3D immersive synthesizer. Twenty schizophrenic patients and twenty healthy subjects completed the SGI and evaluated the feeling of ‘‘inundation’’ from 1 (‘‘null’’) to 5 (‘‘maximum’’) for each auditory scene. Sensory gating deficit was evaluated in half of each population group with P50 suppression electrophysiological measure.
Results: Evaluation of inundation during sound listening was significantly higher in schizophrenia (3.25) compared to the control group (2.40, P < .001). The evaluation of inundation during the listening test correlated significantly with the perceptual modulation (n = 20, rho = .52, P = .029) and the over- inclusion dimensions (n = 20, rho = .59, P = .01) of the SGI in schizophrenic patients and with the P50 suppression for the entire group of controls and patients who performed ERP recordings (n = 20, rho = -.49, P = .027).
Conclusion: An evaluation of the external validity of the SGI was obtained through listening tests. The ability to control acoustic parameters of each of the realistic immersive environmental auditory scenes might in future research make it possible to identify acoustic triggers related to perceptual inundation in schizophrenia.